Android is the most popular mobile operating system currently on the market. Based on Linux and developed by Android Inc. (a company acquired by Google in 2005), troche Android is primarily designed for touch screen based devices such as smartphones and tablets. Android is open source project and Google allows everyone to change it and distribute it in the telephones or as an applications.
Who created Android?
A lot of people think that Google can be credited for inventing Android because they are producing Android. This assumption is not far from the truth because Android today is one of the most popular and active divisions in Google. However, doctor the first version of Android was unveile
d in 2007 by Open Handset Alliance – OHA. O HA is consortium of 84 firms led by Google, that are working together to develop open standards for mobile devices. In addition to Google, some of the more popular and well known companies in OHA are: HTC, Sony, Dell, Intel, Motorola, Qualcomm, Texas Instruments, Samsung Electronics, LG Electronics, T-Mobile, Sprint Nextel, Nvidia and others. As you can see, this is a mix of the world`s best companies in the field of hardware, software and telecommunications.
A brief history of Android
- The firsts smartphone armed with this OS was sold in October 2008.
- Since its first appearance in 2008 (first commercial version, there were alpha and beta editions before), there have been many versions of the Android operating system released to the public. Every one of them is tasty and sweet. Not literally, but their codenames were always some kind of cake or desert.
- After the few iterations of version 1 (among them: Cupcake and Donut), in October 2009 Android 2.0 Éclair was released. This version, together with its upgrades Froyo and Gingerbread, manifested over the next two years and is one of the most popular Android versions. Mainly smartphones are still using Android 2.0
- Android 3.0 or Honeycomb was the first tablet update and the first device featuring this version was Motorola Xoom released in February 2011.
- The last major upgrade of Android was in October 2011 and was dubbed the Android 4 Ice Cream Sandwich.
- Since then, there have been two more minor upgrades; the last one is called Jelly Bean, or Android 4.2, and was publicly released in November 2012.In October 2012 there were more than 700.000 applications, and 25 billion downloads from Google Play, the primary app store for Android. This made Android the most used mobile platform in the world, and the market share when it comes to mobile devices is devastating for the competitors.
- More than 750 million devices with Android OS were activated until the end of 2012, and this trend is continues in 2013, too.
The bottom line? Android is one of the most exciting platforms in direct opposition to the main competitor, iOS. Its designers and “owners” are trying to keep Android open and available to anyone that wants to develop something based on Android. On the other hand, Apple (the designer of iOS , the iPhone and iPad operating system) is keeping its software “closed” and doesn’t allow anyone from outside Apple to develop changes based on this OS.
There are few advantages and disadvantages in both cases. What’s good about the Android policy is that the product is popular and more smartphone and manufacturers use, but because of that there are a lot of versions in the market. As a result, it’s really hard to keep track and work with each Android update. On the other hand, Apple is used by fewer customers, but all of them can be reached in one click if there is need for upgrade or maintenance.
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